Hemorrhoids are swollen veins within the rectum and around the anus. Constipation, lifting heavy items, and being overweight are a few contributors to the development of hemorrhoids. If a hemorrhoid condition does not go away with standard treatments, a doctor may recommend that a patient undergoes a surgical procedure.
A Hemorrhoidectomy Procedure
This type of procedure is performed on patients who have a severe case of hemorrhoids. An individual may be experiencing pain, a bloody discharge, difficulty using the bathroom, and discomfort while performing everyday tasks. A doctor will assess the hemorrhoids and schedule an outpatient surgical procedure. During the procedure, a patient will be sedated. The procedure consists of making incisions around the hemorrhoids.
A patient may require stitches while this process is being conducted. This type of surgical procedure will effectively eliminate external and internal hemorrhoids. Because the tissue will be sore once the surgery is complete, a patient may experience discomfort for a while. They can use special ointments, a donut pillow, and other aids that the surgeon recommends to them. A patient may need to take medication to ward off infection and to prompt healing. Taking a stool softener can also be helpful.
A Stapled Hemorrhoidectomy
A stapled hemorrhoidectomy is less invasive than a standard hemorrhoidectomy. A device that resembles a stapler is used to reposition hemorrhoids and cut off the nerve endings that are attached to them. The repositioning will reduce the amount of discomfort that a patient may have been enduring. Over time, the lack of blood will cause the hemorrhoids to die. A patient's recovery time may be shorter with this type of procedure since a doctor will not need to cut deep into the tissue.
At the health clinic where a surgical procedure is being performed or where a patient is receiving a referral from, a patient can learn about some lifestyle changes that will reduce their chances of developing hemorrhoids again. A clinician may advise that a patient consumes a diet that is high in fiber.
A high-fiber diet will prevent constipation. Bread, fruits, and vegetables should be included in the patient's diet. If a patient is overweight, following a diet and exercise plan can help minimize the chance of dealing with hemorrhoids again. A patient may be directed to use a stool softener on occasion. They may also be advised to avoid heavy lifting and straining when it is not necessary.
Contact a doctor to learn more about hemorrhoidectomy procedures.