Urology health centers can help men and women preserve their urinary and sexual health. If you've been experiencing trouble when urinating, some forms of sexual dysfunction, or if you've been diagnosed with certain types of cancers, a urologist can help. Here are four conditions that can be treated at a urology health center:
1. Urinary Incontinence
Most people have the ability to retain urine in their bladders until they remove it intentionally. However, people with urinary incontinence may struggle with unintentional urination. Coughing, laughing, or sneezing may trigger urination in people who are incontinent. Other people experience incontinence with no external triggers. Urinary incontinence can be an embarrassing and isolating condition. Fortunately, urologists can work with people to correct their incontinence issues. A combination of pelvic floor exercises and pelvic floor therapy can strengthen the muscles involved in retaining urine. Some medications, such as anticholinergics, can also reduce unwanted urination.
2. Urinary Tract Infections
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) can affect people of all genders, although women are more likely to develop UTIs due to the shorter lengths of their urethras. UTIs occur when bacteria accumulate in the urinary tract, causing painful urination as well as frequent urges to urinate. Urologists can diagnose UTIs with simple urinalysis tests. Most UTIs can be treated with oral antibiotics, but UTIs that have progressed to bladder or kidney infections may require intravenous antibiotics.
3. Prostate Cancer
Urologists can treat men who have been diagnosed with prostate cancer. This type of cancer affects the prostate gland, although it can metastasize and spread to other parts of the body if it is not treated. Urologists can treat prostate cancer by removing the prostate from the body. Minimally invasive surgeries can allow men to have quick and easy recoveries. If prostate cancer has spread, surgical interventions are sometimes paired with additional treatments, such as chemotherapy.
4. Erectile Dysfunction
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is another condition that can affect men. People with erectile dysfunction experience an inability to maintain erections sufficient for sexual intercourse. Some men additionally struggle to achieve erections or orgasms. Urologists can work with men to treat erectile dysfunction by addressing causes such as stress, hormone imbalances, and hypertension. Urologists can prescribe medication to treat the underlying causes of the disorder. They can also prescribe drugs that will enable men to achieve erections when they would not otherwise be able to do so. Men who experience ED due to physical injuries may also benefit from surgeries designed to correct the damage that can cause ED.